She was released last week when that grand jury's term expired, but prosecutors quickly hit her with a new subpoena to testify to a new grand jury. Obama commuted Manning's sentence just days before leaving office. Assange was illegally snatched from the Ecuadorian embassy in London on April 11 when his asylum status was revoked after seven years by the government of Lenin Moreno.
If a judge were to determine that incarcerating Ms. Manning were punitive rather than coercive, Ms. Manning would not be jailed. In calling for her release, her lawyers argued that the civil contempt of court statute used to jail her was for coercive purposes, and would not serve its goal because Manning would never testify. "The entire grand jury system would collapse, because everyone could simply take a principled stand against the grand jury and not testify". "I will not cooperate with this or any other grand jury", Manning said before entering the federal courthouse for the hearing on Thursday.
In a statement Thursday, Manning's attorney Moira Meltzer-Cohen said she was "disappointed" in Trenga's decision to detain her client, but did not expect Manning to change course in her refusal to testify.
"The case doesn't make sense, it's very bananas", she said. During one non-contact visit, she because nauseated with vertigo and vomited on the floor, Manning wrote.
Manning claims that grand juries - the proceedings of which are kept secret - can be abused to unfairly compel testimony with little transparency.
She said in a press conference that she and the government had stipulated that she would not testify, and that the process could move directly to her motion to quash the government's subpoena, which Trenga then denied. She already spent two months in jail on a previous subpoena but was released last week when the term of that grand jury expired. She also noted that Assange has already been indicted.
Concerns about resources for Manning's medical treatments and mental health at Alexandra were raised, though G. Zach Terwilliger, the US attorney, said they have "bent over backwards to accommodate her needs".
Grand juries, though, often issue superseding indictments that can outline additional charges to those spelled out in an additional indictment.
The new grand jury subpoena appears to be related to the United States prosecution of WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange, who was arrested last month and is now awaiting his extradition hearing in the UK.
Before the hearing, Manning told reporters outside the courtroom that she will persist in defying the federal subpoena "forever, indefinitely".
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