In a list published Wednesday, HR consultancy Mercer ranked 231 cities worldwide on their quality of living.
Globally, Vienna tops the ranking for the 10th year running, closely followed by Zurich.
In this year's Mercer report, the strong European performance was contrasted by declining fortunes for USA cities, which all dropped except for NY (44th), where the ongoing decrease in crime rates allowed it to jump a spot. San Fransisco was the top-ranked United States city at 34th. London remained the highest-ranked overall at 44th despite coming last in Britain in a separate personal safety ranking.
"Companies looking to expand overseas have a host of considerations when identifying where best to locate staff and new offices", a statement accompanying Mercer's 21st annual Quality of Living survey for 2019 read.
At the bottom end of the scale, African and Middle Eastern cities facing security issues came out worst, with Baghdad propping up the table despite "significant improvements in security and sanitation services in recent years". As for Asia, Singapore (25th) has the highest quality of living, followed by the five Japanese cities of Tokyo (49th), Kobe (49th), Yokohama (55th), Osaka (58th), and Nagoya (62nd).
The safest city in Europe was Luxembourg (1), followed by Basel, Bern, Helsinki and Zurich in joint second. Notably, Phom Penh is considered the city with the lowest quality of living in Asia. The same result was reached previous year.
Yerevan is ranked 170th among 231 cities, in between Jilin (China) and Vientiane (Laos).
Riyadh made some gains to be 164th, and the opening up of the city's entertainment scene as part of Saudi Vision 2030, did play a part.
There were few big shifts but Caracas fell 29 places to 222nd as Venezuela has suffered from hyperinflation, a shortage of basic goods and, more recently, a political crisis since opposition leader Juan Guaido assumed the interim presidency in January.
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