It's thought the reason they have moved closer to where people live is because they are searching for food.
The video was filmed on January 21 but emerged online recently after news about a "polar bear evasion" grabbed headlines in Russian Federation.
The people who live on the island have been trying to scare them off.
"There's never been such a mass invasion of polar bears", said Zhigansha Musin, the head of the local administration.
Since December 2018, at least 52 polar bears have been spotted around Belushya Guba, a town on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, located in the Arctic Ocean.
'There are constantly 6 to 10 bears inside the settlement'.
"People are scared, afraid to leave their homes, their daily routines are being broken", said Alexander Minayev, the deputy head of the local administration. "Parents are unwilling to let their children go to school or nursery".
However, thinning sea ice caused by global warming likely drove the bears inland in search of more readily available meals, researchers from Moscow's A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, a branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told TASS.
The state of emergency was declared February 9 due to the "mass invasion of polar bears in residential areas", said Alexander Minayev, deputy head of the Novaya Zemlya administration, in a statement.
Some residents of Belushya Guba took to social media to show their own video and photos of the bears, and express their shock.
Local officials have complained that vehicle and dog patrols have not been effective as polar bears feel secure and no longer react.
The Arkhangelsk regional authorities, which oversee Novaya Zemlya, said that if all else failed "shooting the animals could be the only possible forced measure".
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