During an interview with radio station Europe 1 he said the trade bloc needed to be less reliant on the U.S., particularly following Trump's decision to withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF).
For Sunday's anniversary, Trump was to join world leaders at a ceremony in the shadow of the Arc de Triomphe.
Trump sent a tweet calling Macron's proposal "very insulting" as the US president's plane landed Friday evening for celebrations with world leaders commemorating the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.
"We have to protect ourselves with respect to China, Russia and even the United States of America", he told French Radio Station One. "Europe and its security", Macron said.
"When I see President Trump announcing that he's quitting a major disarmament treaty which was formed after the 1980s euro-missile crisis that hit Europe, who is the main victim?"
But the talks may be tense after the president took to Twitter and called it "very insulting" for Macron to suggest a military may be needed to protect Europe from the U.S., China and Russian Federation.
He is also overseeing the formation of a European rapid reaction force, a nine-country endeavour much smaller than an actual army, which is backed by Germany and the UK.
Trump originally wanted to celebrate Veterans Day on Sunday with a grand military parade in Washington, as he was inspired by the tanks and flyovers he saw during France's Bastille Day celebration when he visited Paris in July of past year.
Trump and Macron are schedule to have bilateral meeting during his stay in France.
President Buhari will be accompanied to Paris by Governors Aminu Masari, Willie Obiano and Kayode Fayemi of Katsina, Anambra and Ekiti States, respectively.
Tweeting early on Saturday morning, he remarked: "Is there anything better to celebrate than the end of a war, in particular that one, which was one of the bloodiest and worst of all time?"
The row over European Union defence risks overshadowing commemorations to be attended by 70 world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Interactive: What would you have done between 1914 and 1918? "I think the enduring lesson (of World War I) for the United States is that when you become a global power. you have global interests to protect", Bolton said.
According to a statement issued earlier by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Femi Adesina, President Buhari is expected to join the United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres and other world leaders in discussing contributions towards global peace while underscoring the imperative of collective action.
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