This list of Democratic winners ranged from liberal sensation Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in NY to Jennifer Wexton in Virginia and Debbie Mucarsel-Powell in Florida.
Democrats rode a wave of dissatisfaction with President Donald Trump to win control of the U.S. House of Representatives, giving them the opportunity to block Trump's agenda and open his administration to intense scrutiny. Omar faced Republican candidate Jennifer Zielinski and ran on a platform focused on education, health care and immigration. Many were by spurred by Mr Trump's treatment of women and the #MeToo movement along with wider fallout from the 2016 election, in which the first female major party presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton, faced attacks based on her gender.
Michigan Democrat Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party will become the first Muslim women in Congress. New Mexico Democrat Deb Haaland and Kansas Democrat Sharice Davids were elected the first two Native American women to serve in Congress.
Democratic senators Claire McCaskill of Missouri and Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota lost their races, while Republican representative Marsha Blackburn became the first woman elected to the US Senate from Tennessee.
After almost eight years of ME being run by controversial Republican Gov. Paul LePage - who has received national notoriety for racially charged comments and accusations of abuse of power - the state's voters replaced him with its first woman governor.
More than a quarter-century after the so-called year of the woman and two years after Hillary Clinton failed to shatter the "highest, hardest glass ceiling", voters were poised to elect the largest class of freshman congresswoman in history.
Blackburn has been closely associated with Trump and is said to be farther to the right than the Republican senator she is replacing.
Democrats Ilhan Omar of Minnesota and Rashida Tlaib of MI will be the first Muslim women to serve in Congress, while Boston City Councilwoman Ayanna Pressley will represent Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District in the next Congress. "This arrangement benefits few, but comes at the detriment of our planet and all its inhabitants". Davids defeated incumbent Republican Kevin Yoder.
"None of us ran to make history", Pressley told supporters in her acceptance speech Tuesday. Davids, who won the race for Kansas' 3rd congressional district, is a first in two ways: Besides being Native American, she'll also be the first lesbian congresswoman from Kansas. The US has also voted in its first openly gay governor as minorities and marginalised groups increase their voices on Capitol Hill after the midterms.
The running tally included at least a dozen Republicans - among them Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers in Washington and Republican Carol Miller in West Virginia - and at least 80 Democrats. Ocasio-Cortez celebrated her victory in Queens last night.
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