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USA presses China and Russian Federation to enforce sanctions on North Korea

21 July 2018

Pompeo had reportedly proposed that the USA and the communist regime in Pyongyang discuss a full declaration of North Korea's nuclear arsenal, a timeline for dismantling the nuclear program, and an unfulfilled promise made by Kim at the summit. The scope and scale of that is agreed to.

Media reported that the USA documents cite 89 instances in the first half of the year in which North Korean tankers likely delivered refined products "illicitly procured" by such transfers at sea.

Pompeo traveled to New York Friday to join Haley for a meeting with the U.N. Security Council representatives, including Chinese and Russian representatives, for what Haley called "frank talk".

The U.S. contends that Pyongyang is violating a sanctions cap on importing refined petroleum, through illegal ship-to-ship transfers.

Speaking in NY on Friday, he briefed the U.N. Security Council on his trip to North Korea earlier this month.

However, in an apparent sign of frustration with a lack of concrete action by Pyongyang, he said: "So what do we need to see?"

In February, the USA government released an advisory that listed 27 businesses it said were involved in illegally supplying oil to North Korea, mostly through ship-to-ship transfers.

The Secretary of State said "there are many places where the Russians have been helpful" in enforcing the sanctions on the DPRK, but added that "where we find issues where any country, whether it's Russia or another one not doing their part to enforce it, we are going to make sure that we provide the information to them, so they can all see it, the world can see it, and we are going to demand that every country in the world do their part".

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Those sanctions banned North Korea's exports of raw commodities while severely restricting supplies of oil - vital for the country's military.

"We continue to reiterate we can't do one thing until we see North Korea respond to their promise to denuclearize", Haley said.

He then warned that "when sanctions are not enforced, the prospects of successful denuclearization of North Korea are diminished". "We will fully implement the resolutions".

But if each tanker were fully loaded with fuel, the amount smuggled would be triple its quota, the US documents said.

After President Donald Trump held an unprecedented summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore, China proposed that the council signal a possible easing of sanctions to welcome the diplomatic thaw. "North Korean cyber thefts and other criminal activities are also generating significant revenues for the regime, and they must be stopped".

The quota on refined petroleum products was one of the tough sanctions imposed by the Security Council last December in response to North Korea's launch of a ballistic missile that Pyongyang said is capable of reaching anywhere on the US mainland.

"It is the Trump administration's hope that one day the DPRK could be in our midst here at United Nations not as pariah, but as friend", he said, referring to North Korea by its initialism. "Are they telling us that they want to continue supplying this oil?" The sanctions committee has what it needs.

Despite the sanctions violations, Pompeo said President Trump and he both remain "upbeat about the prospects of denuclearization". Van Oosterom, who chairs the North Korea sanctions committee, told reporters: "I think for all of us it's clear that the progress is in the talks so far, that the engagement is there and the discussions are taking place".

USA presses China and Russian Federation to enforce sanctions on North Korea