The list, which was reviewed during a cabinet meeting convened by Erdogan last month, included almost 9,000 police officers, over 6,000 military personnel, and about 1,000 employees from the justice ministry.
Erdogan will take his oath in the Turkish parliament, followed by a lavish ceremony at his nearby palace in Ankara.
The current parliamentary system will end on Monday after constitutional changes were approved in a 2017 referendum.
However, Erdogan said during his election campaign that if deemed necessary, the state of emergency will return, especially if the country faces "terror threats".
The state of emergency has been extended for seven times since July 2016 - most lasting for three months.
Turkey blames exiled preacher and businessmen Fethullah Gulen for the attempted power grab and cracked down decisively, implementing a state of emergency and using enhanced powers to sack scores of civil servants. Gulen strongly denies any coup links and insists his movement is a peaceful organization.
Over 110,000 public sector employees have been removed from their jobs via emergency decrees since July 2016, while tens of thousands more have been suspended in a crackdown criticised by Ankara's Western allies.
According to the report, in line with decree No. 701, 3077 members of the Turkish land forces, 8998 from the security general directorate, 240 from the directorate of religious affairs (Diyanet), 1052 from the ministry of justice and 1126 from the naval forces command were dismissed.
The decree also said 148 employees who were dismissed in the past had been reinstated.
"The (Gulen) organization is a religious structure in its basis, but the defendants on trial here are mostly people who've espoused a secular lifestyle", he said.
Tens of thousands of others have been fired or suspended in the huge purge.
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