The 2019 budget will also contain about $3 billion to help fund Trump's promised wall on the US border with Mexico, with a contingency in the revised 2018 proposal to fully fund it at $25 billion over two years if a deal is struck to protect immigrants brought to the USA illegally as children, called "Dreamers", Mulvaney said.
Monday's document will outline proposed spending reforms the administration says would, in enacted, cut deficits over the next decade - even as recently passed tax legislation and spending caps threaten to drive future annual deficits above $1 trillion.
But Trump's proposal, which relies on creating incentives for private investment to create $1.5 trillion in infrastructure spending over the next decade, faces strong opposition by Democrats and likely will be reshaped by lawmakers in Congress.
Axios obtained and released a draft of the plan last month.
"What we really want to do is provide opportunities for state and local governments to receive federal funding when they're doing what's politically hard, and increasing investment in infrastructure", DJ Gribbin, Trump's special assistant for infrastructure, said to the United States Conference of Mayors last month.
But administration officials argue their proposals, dead on arrival though they may be, is still an important marker of the president's legislative priorities.
Trump has promised to build the border wall to keep out illegal immigrants and drug smugglers.
Camera IconPrototypes of border walls in San Diego.
The project is the region's top transportation priority. And the administration is asking for nearly $17-billion for fiscal 2019 to fight the opioid crisis.
"So take the money that the Democrats want to put to these social programs and move it to things like infrastructure, move it to things like opioid relief, move it to things that are in line with the president's priorities so that if it does get spent, at least it gets spent to the right places", he said.
The White House also said that it's requesting $85.5 billion for veterans' medical care and other programs created to improve veterans' quality of life.
Trump will discuss the public works proposal on Monday with governors, mayors, state legislators and other officials, and he expects to meet with Congressional leaders from both parties at the White House on February 14.
The president noted that tackling the nation's infrastructure should also include partnering with state and local governments as well as the private sector "where appropriate". "This is the start of a negotiation - bicameral bipartisan negotiation - to find the best solution for infrastructure", said a senior official, who was not allowed to be identified under the ground rules for the briefing.
The original funding agreement with the White House called for the federal government to pay 50 percent of the $30 billion cost of replacing the Portal Bridge and building a new rail tunnel under the Hudson River.
"Monday's rollout.is our opening in terms of providing ideas to Capitol Hill", senior administration officials told reporters.
The White House also didn't detail how much money it wanted to devote to new spending on the military, but OMB said the proposal would provide "for a robust and rebuilt national defense".
The budget proposal also includes $782 million to hire and support 2,750 additional officers and agents at U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Mulvaney said.
The principle is based on polls which show that the public would prefer to invest locally, in projects that they benefit from, rather than send money to Washington and wait for the Federal government to invest - in a process that is hampered by the Washington bureaucracy that has often been a target of the President.
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