In an alarming trend, more and more women are using pot while pregnant, most possibly to deal with morning sickness or anxiety, a new study found.
They study found that from 2009 to 2016 marijuana use among pregnant women increased from 4.2 percent to 7.1 percent among a sample of 279,457 women 12 years and older in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care system. The percentage of women who revealed that they used marijuana in pregnancy, and those who had positive urine tests has increased, which means that in general, the non-pregnant population could be using it, meaning that using marijuana has became more normal, at least in California.
It was also discovered that pot-use among girls under 18 in the coastal state increased as well, climbing from 9.8 percent to 19 percent.
"They hear a lot of misinformation", explained Dr. Nancy Goler, the OBGYN who authored the study.
According to Dr. Navizadeh, it is hard to determine the exact effects of marijuana use on babies and fetuses because, oftentimes, expectant mothers who are using marijuana may also be using other drugs. Additionally, the women also took a urine test.
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy, and its use is increasing.
Another researcher from the Georgia State University, who was not involved in any of the studies, said that marijuana is being consumed every day more after the state of California legalized its recreational consumption.
"Our state may be different because it was the first to legalize medical marijuana in 1996", said Young-Wolff, who is preparing to study prenatal marijuana after it becomes legal for recreational use in California on January 1. It was impossible to know if these used the drug before they knew they were carrying a child. Some previous research suggests that prenatal marijuana exposure may impair fetal growth and neurodevelopment. Pregnant women should avoid using any sort of cannabinoids, Volkow stated, because "there is cause for concern". However, scientists agree there's more research to be done.
A Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) research concluded that pregnant women using cannabis could harm their babies in different ways. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists updated a document that represents the organization's opinion on pressing matters titled the ACOG Committee Opinion. Some of them could be born with weight issues, while others with developmental problems.
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