Lubaina Himid was born in 1954 in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The prize, awarded by Tate in England, comes with £25,000 (about $33,500).
The other shortlisted artists this year are Hurvin Anderson, Andrea Buttner and Rosalind Nashashibi.
Lubaina Himid has won this year's Turner Prize, becoming the oldest recipient of the accolade at the age of 63. The Ferens Art Gallery will continue to host the shortlisted work until the 7 January, 2018.
The jury applauded four nominated artists for their socially engaged and visually imaginative work.
The jury was led by the Tate Britain director Alex Farquharson and included the Frieze editor Dan Fox, the critic Martin Herbert, the Walker Art Center scholar Mason Leaver-Yap and the The Showroom director Emily Pethick.
The awards ceremony took place at the Ferens Art Gallery in Hull, Yorkshire, marking the city's status as the UK's current capital of culture.
"I still think that Lubaina winning is still very clearly not about the Turner Prize becoming a lifetime achievement award". Established in 1984, the annual award is aimed at UK-based artists who have had an outstanding exhibition in the previous year. The enthusiasm has been incredible and everyone is talking about it, which demonstrates people's intrigue and appetite for contemporary art. Visitors are embracing the show and also enjoying the gallery's strong permanent collection.
Himid won the prize for three shows in Oxford, Bristol and Nottingham. As a key figure of the Black Arts Movement, Himid has consistently foregrounded the contribution of the African diaspora to Western culture. Her paintings, prints, drawings, and installations are now in the collections of Tate, the Whitworth Art Gallery, and the Leeds City Museum, among other institutions.
The works are joined by Anderson's dream-like tropical landscape paintings, Büttner's woodblock prints of beggars and two films by Nashashibi-a commission for the Imperial War Museum observing daily life in Gaza and Vivian's Garden, which explores the relationship between the mother-and-daughter artists in Guatemala, Elisabeth Wild and Vivian Suter. Her works exhibited in Hull date from the 80s until today and showcase her talent across a wide range of mediums, with works done in newspaper, paintings and wooden sculptures. She is Professor of Contemporary Art at the University of Central Lancashire.
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